CAAMFest 36, May 10-24

Blast From the Past: Rohwer Relocation Center, Thanksgiving, 1942

November 25, 2010

 

This picture is from a Thanksgiving Day meal at the Rohwer Relocation Camp’s staff mess-hall in McGehee, AR, 1942. Though accurate population statistics were hard to come by, due to the constant movement in the internment of Japanese Americans, Rohwer is estimated to have held about 8,475 people at its peak. Almost 30 percent of those were children.

I haven’t been able to find very much about relocation center Thanksgivings, but Rohwer’s final report states that: “Services at the churches, a good dinner with turkey or chicken, a championship football gams [sic], a social dance, and private parties made this day memorable.”

I’m sorry to say that I’m not an expert on Asian American history (yet), so it’s rather curious to me that the National Archives’ only two photos of Thanksgiving in Rohwer do not attempt to depict the Japanese American internees in the kinds of "fun," celebratory settings good for PR. Dozens of photos from the same Thanksgiving at the Gila Relocation Center in Rivers, AZ, show its residents building parade floats, holding pageants, and getting down and dirty on the dance floor, 1940s-style. However, the picture above shows a setting where the Japanese American internees seem to be the event’s serving staff, rather than its attendees.

So what really happened at Rohwer? Were they less concerned with the image they were supposed to present than the directors at Gila? Tom Parker, the photographer, took other pictures on that day at Rohwer, but they are largely of the internees working in offices or taking classes. Is this dinner photo, then, a more accurate representation of a relocation center Thanksgiving -- or is this, too, propaganda? Does anyone know?

As we prepare to sit down with our loved ones, take a look at this anonymous poem which was circulated around the Poston Relocation Center in La Paz County, Arizona. It’s called “That Damned Fence.”

They’ve sunk the posts deep into the ground
They’ve strung out wires all the way around.
With machine gun nests just over there,
And sentries and soldiers everywhere.

We’re trapped like rats in a wired cage,
To fret and fume with impotent rage;
Yonder whispers the lure of the night,
But that DAMNED FENCE assails our sight.

We seek the softness of the midnight air,
But that DAMNED FENCE in the floodlight glare
Awakens unrest in our nocturnal quest,
And mockingly laughs with vicious jest.

With nowhere to go and nothing to do,
We feel terrible, lonesome, and blue:
That DAMNED FENCE is driving us crazy,
Destroying our youth and making us lazy.

Imprisoned in here for a long, long time,
We know we’re punished -- though we’ve committed no crime,
Our thoughts are gloomy and enthusiasm damp,
To be locked up in a concentration camp.

Loyalty we know, and patriotism we feel,
To sacrifice our utmost was our ideal,
To fight for our country, and die, perhaps;
But we’re here because we happen to be Japs.

We all love life, and our country best,
Our misfortune to be here in the west,
To keep us penned behind that DAMNED FENCE,
Is someone’s notion of NATIONAL DEFENCE!

 

Sorry to end on a bit of a downer, but this poem really resonated with me and my notion of being thankful. The damned fence of the poem is gone, but new ones have taken its place. In addition to family, friends, and personal fortune, I think it’s important to remember and be thankful for the freedoms we have today, even as we’re fighting for more social justice and immigration reform.

Happy Thanksgiving, everyone.

Further reading:

National Park Service - Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites

War Relocation Camps in Arizona 1942-1946

Photo citation:

Still Picture Records Section, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-S), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD, 20740-6001.

Contributor: 

Comments

Comments

Hi Victoria -- Thanks for this post, I'd never seen that photo.  For balance, I think it would be great to refer readers to some Asian American or camp survivor testimonies, rather than limiting it to just the government official version.  Some great examples are densho.org, janm.org, njahs.org, and discovernikkei.org.